Process v/s Thread | Operating System - M01 P11

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This is a multipart blog article series, and in this series I am going to explain you the concepts of operating system. This article series is divided into multiple modules and this is the first module which consists of 12 articles.

In this article you will the difference between Process and Threads in an operating system. Here, we are talking about multiprocessing/ multitasking environment.

Let’s take a general overview about both things. A process is a heavy weight task while a thread is a light weight task.

We will see the difference in between these with the help of a table.

ProcessThread
In process we fork the process, and by it a duplicate process starts, which has its own Data, code, stack and register Untitled Diagram.pngIn thread, if we create multiple threads of a task, then both threads will share he data, code while they have their own stack and registers. Untitled Diagram (1).png
System calls are involved in process (e.g. fork). Here operating system/kernel is responsible for making multiple processes.There is no system call involved (generally at user level). Here user or the API is responsible for making multiple threads.
Operating system treats different processes differently.All user level threads are treated as single level for operating system.
Different processes have different copies of data, file, and code.Threads share same copy of code and data.
Context switching is slow.Context switching is faster.
Blocking a process will not lock the other process.Blocking a thread will block entire thread.
Independent in nature.Interdependent in nature. Because they share memory and address.

So, this was difference between process and thread. Hope it helped you and you learn something new.

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